Dogon Hammer and Anvil updated Jan. 19, 2020 by Shannon Dorey
Anvil Beneath Ankh Cross 4-5th c.Dorey, The Nummo p. 45
The importance of this picture from the Codex Glazier, which is a 4th-5th century manuscript of the New Testament in Coptic, is that it shows an anvil beneath an ankh cross. This image from the Codex, which contains text of Book of Acts 1:1-15:3, is a rare depiction.Dorey, The Nummo p. 44
This is because the anvil is a symbol of the female sex in pagan religions. According to the Dogon religion, the Nummo were hermaphrodites and the hammer and anvil together were a symbol of the Nummo. The anvil symbolized the female aspect of the hermaprhoditic Nummo, while the hammer or cross represented the male aspect.
The sides of the cross or hammer were the Nummos' outstretched arms, the crosses' round top was the Nummos' head, the middle was the Nummos' chest, and the bottom was the Nummos' tail.Dorey, The Nummo p. 24
Because the anvil was associated with the sacred feminine, it was later removed from Christian manuscripts.
I found several anvils on Celtic Pictish stones in Scotland when I was there doing research a few years ago, including one at Abernethy Village, Scotland, which was the principal seat of the Pictish kingdom. The anvil also appears in Welsh myths that were the basis of the Arthurian legends.
We get the famous image of the sword stuck in an anvil on top of a stone from the Arthurian version of the story told by Robert de Boron. His introduction of an anvil on top of a stone is also found in his Merlin.Dorey, The Nummo p. 44
"The sword symbolized justice, and the stone represented Christianity. By pulling the sword from the stone, Arthur was agreeing to pursue justice in the name of Christianity. Later writers would omit this connection as well as the anvil and portray the Sword in the Stone as a test arranged by Merlin to prove Arthur was the true king."Dorey, The Nummo Chapter 3, The Arthurian Mythos pp. 32-50
If we relate the pulling of the sword from the anvil to the Dogon religion, it represents the severing of the Nummos' androgynous essence into single sexed beings and the creation of humanity. Although humans lost their immortality as a result of this process, it was hoped that over time they would regain it.
The cock or rooster, which is a symbol of males, the Jackal and the first human in the Dogon religion, appears in the center top of the ankh cross. The cock was used as a nickname for medieval and Renaissance-era masons and my research shows that the Dogon hammer, which symbolized the male aspect of the Nummo, later became the Masonic hammer.
I believe it was also the source for the title of the witch's hunter's manual Malleus Maleficarum (Latin for The Hammer of Witches), which remained in use for 300 years and had tremendous influence in the witch trials in England and on the continent.See Chapter 12, The Witch's Hammer, in Day of the Fish p. 282
For more information on these things refer to my book The Nummo, which can be purchased at right.