The Return of Astraea and the Nummo

Constellation Virgo circa 1000Dorey, The Nummo p. 164. From the National Library of Wales NLW Catalogue, CC0,The volume, written in Caroline minuscule, consists of two sections, the first (ff. 1-26) copied c. 1000, in the Limoges area of France, probably in the milieu of Adémar de Chabannes (989-1034), whilst the second (ff. 27-50), from a scriptorium in the same region, may be dated c. 1150.

The Greek goddess Astraea was one of several goddesses associated with the Constellation Virgo. Like Astraea, the Nummo were believed to have left the Earth but were to one day return. At that time, humans were to regain their immortality.Dorey, The Rose p. 47

In Greek myth, Astraea lived upon the Earth during the Golden and Silver ages when there were no wars or diseases. Humans raised fine crops but they grew greedy, and she was sickened. In Aratus, Phaenomena 123 (315-310 BCE - 240) she proclaimed:

Behold what manner of race the fathers of the Golden Age left behind them! Far meaner than themselves! but you will breed a viler progeny! Verily wars and cruel bloodshed shall be unto men [humans] and grievous woe shall be laid upon them.

She left Earth for the sky, from which, as the constellation, she watched the despicable human race. After her departure, the human race declined into the Brazen Age, when diseases arose and they learned how to sail.

According to legend, Astraea will one day come back to Earth, bringing with her the return of the utopian Golden Age of which she is the ambassador.Dorey, The Rose p. 253

According to Ovid (43 BCE-17-18 AD), Astraea abandoned the Earth during the Iron Age. This is important because the Smithy plays an important role in the Dogon religion and humans and the Earth were symbolized by iron.Dorey, The Rose p. 51

The Constellation Virgo is the largest constellation of the zodiac, and Spica (Alpha Virginis), is a Blue Giant and the brightest star in the constellation. It is the nearest star to the Sun that has enough mass to end its life in a Type II supernova explosion, which is why I believe it was associated with Easter and death and regeneration.Dorey, The Rose p. 251

This drawing of the Constellation Virgo is found in the oldest scientific manuscript in the National Library of Wales. The ancient manuscript contains various Latin texts on astronomy copied in the Limoges area of France and dated from 1001-1100.Dorey, The Nummo p. 164.

The Constellation Virgo and the main star Spica were important during Easter celebrations and my research indicates that the balance beam (Libra) in this depiction reveals that the Virgin would eventually restore order or balance to the Earth.Dorey, The Nummo p. 165.

Etruscan amphora of DagonThe Master (Mistress) of Speech p. 205

Astraea evolved from an earlier Sumerian goddess known as Shala. In the Babylonian MUL.APIN (circa 10th century BCE) part of the Constellation Virgo was known as "The Furrow", representing the goddess Shala and her "ear of grain", which when translated into Latin is "Spica", the name of the main star.

The Sumerian goddess Shala was considered the wife of the hermaphroditic god Dagon. He is depicted here with a beard, breasts and a serpent-fish tail. All of the Eight Nummo Ancestors were hermaphrodites with human upper bodies and fish or serpent-tailed lower body.Dorey, The Nummo p. 156.

Shala was sometimes depicted carrying a double-headed mace or scimitar decorated with lion heads, and at other times being borne on top of one or two lionesses. double-headed mace is important because it symbolizes androgyny or "twins", and the lion was a symbol of Lébé, the hermaphroditic mother of humanity in the Dogon religion. Lébé was born of two mothers hence the dual lionesses.Dorey, The Nummo p. 22 and p. 155

The name "Dagon" was first mentioned in Mari texts, and is from Amorite names in Syria and Canaan dating to about 2500 BCE. In various ancient languages, the name Dagon means "grain", associating him with the Constellation Virgo and specifically the star Spica. The birth of Lébé was also identified with the sprouting of grain.Dorey, The Rose p. 55

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