October 21, 2014 (updated 2019) Part I Hand of Sabazius Dogon Genetic Symbolism by Shannon Dorey
Bronze hand 1st-2nd century CE.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabazios#mediaviewer
/File:HandOfSabazius.JPG Author: Mike Young
Located at the British Museum
In Day of the Fish, I devote an entire chapter to hand and foot symbolism because of its importance to the Dogon religion. Neither Amma nor the Nummo had hands and feet like humans so depictions of hands and feet were used in the religion as genetic symbols.Shannon Dorey, Day of the Fish 146
In Europe during the first eight centuries of Christianity, and even until the twelfth century, the Christian God was invariably represented by a hand, the origin of which the symbol was thought lost in pagan obscurity.Dorey The Rose p.370 Hand and Foot symbols appear in many ancient world cultures. The bronze hand above was used in the worship of Sabazius, a god of Thracian or Phrygian (Ancient Turkey) origin, who became popular in the Roman Empire.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabazios Hands decorated with religious symbols were designed to stand in Thracian or Phrygian sanctuaries or, like the one above was attached to a pole for processional use.Dorey, The Rose p. 370
Stone hands were likewise used in the Dogon religion to aid in the instruction of diviners to the religion. A wooden ‘hand’ of sene (Acacia Faidherbia albida) was known as the hind paw of the Jackal. The Nummo's failed experiment not only affected humans but all plant life, which is what the sene tree represented.Shannon Dorey, Day of the Fish p. 151 A hand on a pole also appears on page 27, of the Kingsborough and Förstemann versions of the Maya Dresden Codex and which I refer to in Day of the Fish in association with the Dogon religion.Dorey Day of the Fish pp.177-178
The Numerical Value of FingersShannon Dorey, The Master (Mistress) of Speech p. 155 from Marcel Griaule, Conversations with Ogotemmęli p. 54
The DNA of the Eight Ancestors was associated with the fingers of the Dogon drawing of the hand, shown above. The hand was used by the Dogon to tell which families could unite for procreation. Only the Fourth and Fifth Ancestors appear on separate fingers.Shannon Dorey, The Master (Mistress) of Speech p. 155
In the Dogon religion the fourth finger symbolized the genetic makeup of the Fourth Ancestor, who was identified with males, the Earth, and humans, whereas the fifth finger symbolized the genetic makeup of the the Fifth Ancestor, who was identified with females, the Nummo's world and heaven. The Dogon elder Ogotemmęli said the fourth and fifth fingers "represented the mating of twins of opposite sexes, that is to say of two beings forming only one."Marcel Griaule, Conversations with Ogotemmęli p.151 This was associating the union of the Fourth and Fifth Ancestors with the creation of humans and single-sexed beings.Shannon Dorey, The Master (Mistress) of Speech p. 155
When the fourth and fifth fingers were bent downwards as is shown on the bronze hand from ancient Turkey, the hand formed the well recognized symbol of benediction, used as a blessing at the end of the Christian mass.Dorey The Rose p.370 I believe the sign of benediction, which originated with the pagan religion, may be associated with the Dogon hand and the fourth and fifth fingers. The cock headed serpent appears in conjunction with the fourth finger on this bronze hand. The cock was a symbol of the Jackal, humans, and males in the Dogon religion, which is associated with the fourth finger on the Dogon hand.
Thracian Sabazius on a Horse with Serpent around a Tree.http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:
National History Museum. Thracian horseman. Author: Cristian Chirita
The god Sabazius, with whom the bronze hand was associated, was the nomadic horseman and sky father god of the Phrygians and Thracians.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabazios My research reveals that he was associated with the Dogon god Amma. Like Sabazius, Amma was the horseman and sky father of the Dogon people. The Dogon word in the Wazouba language for “horse” meant “power.” A horseman, symbol of Amma, was sometimes placed next to or on a horse, which was a symbol of the Nummo.Shannon Dorey, The Rose p. 52
Photo by the Tropen Museum, Nederlandshttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:
Photo by the Tropen Museum part of the
Royal Tropical Institute, Nederlands
This is a Dogon Wooden Statue of Amma as the horse rider circa 1500 - 1900.
Marcel Griaule mentioned how some of the Dogon elders wore Phrygian caps suggesting other connections with ancient Phyrigia,Shannon Dorey, The Rose p. 20 a Turkish kingdom which reached its peak in around the 8th century BC.
Dogon carving of Amma as the horse rider
Photo by Anton Mentrup Germanyhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dogon105.jpg Author: Anton Mentrup Germany
The Dogon compared the transformation of the Nummo and the moving of the Nummo's ark or spaceship, to the rapid expansion of these beings on the Earth, as depicted by the path of the horses to the four directions of space. The Dogon said that "with the chariot (ark), the horse (Nummo) brought forth the Word." The "Word" symbolized DNA in the religion.Shannon Dorey, The Nummo p. 58
Amma's Double Placenta Duplicated ChromosomesShannon Dorey, Day of the Fish p. 149
Amma's hands, shown above left, which were known as the "double placenta", were depicted as two V's pointing towards each other. I believe Amma's "hands" represent duplicated chromosomes, which are shown above right.Shannon Dorey, Day of the Fish p. 148
Similar images of Amma's hands forming two points appear in Masonic symbolism and in yoga, which I refer to in The Nummo. According to Joseph Campbell, in yoga, it is said that the divinity meets the devotee at the level of the heart, which is the fourth chakra, “the divinity is coming down and the devotee reaching up.” The symbol of this chakra is two overlapping triangles. Reaching up suggests a hand, indicating that the symbol of the triangle was also identified with a hand in yoga. The fourth chakra may have some ancient association with the genetic make up of the Fourth Ancestor, symbolized by the fourth finger on the Dogon hand diagram and identified with humanity.
Joseph Campbell associates the triangles of the fourth chakra with the handprints that are visible in many primitive shrines. “In the Paleolithic ordination caves, going back as early as 30,000 BCE, one finds handprints of the devotee who touches the realm of the divinity.”Shannon Dorey, The Nummo p. 129
Other symbols, which appear on the bronze hand above, are found in the Dogon religion including the ram, which symbolized the Nummo, who when they were in their spaceships were known as "Celestial Rams". This is because the spaceship had tubing that curved around like the horns of a ram. Refer to Part II Hand of Sabazius for more on this hand.